This article from The Lancet studies the connection between socioeconomic status (SES) and non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in low- and middle-income countries. The authors reviewed 282 relevant studies conducted over the last 30 years. A majority of studies report a positive association between poverty and the incidence, mortality and quality of life associated with NCDs. The reverse is also true; the authors point out that NCDs cause people to experience various types of shocks related to their economic, and social well-being. They recommend:1) universal health coverage programs to focus on vulnerable populations that are most at risk for NCDs, and 2) improved international regulations across jurisdictions to reduce the legal and practical barriers to NCD control.
This article is second in a Lancet series of five papers on NCDs and economics that explores the impact of the economic environment on the incidence and severity of NCDs, and vice versa. The series analyzes strategies to reduce the burden of NCDs, and the effects on health and economic equity.
Other papers in this series:
Niessen LW, Mohan D, Akuoku JK et al. Tackling Socioeconomic Inequalities and Non-Communicable Diseases in Low-Income and Middle-Income Countries Under the Sustainable Development Agenda. The Lancet 2018. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(18)30482-3