Extended CEA: Home-Based Neonatal Care in Rural India


This chapter examines the health, economic benefits, and government costs associated with scaling up a publicly financed home-based neonatal care package in rural India. This extended cost-effectiveness analysis considers two intervention scenarios against a baseline of no home-based neonatal care, both of which would utilize community health workers - one would provide coverage to approximately 7 out of 10 rural newborns, and the other would provide coverage to 9 out of 10 rural newborns.

This chapter is from Reproductive, Maternal, and Child Health, the second volume in the Disease Control Priorities, third edition (DCP3) series. The volume focuses on maternal conditions, childhood illness, and malnutrition.

Other chapters related to economics and financing include:

  • Returns on Investment in the Continuum of Care for Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health. Link.
  • Cost-Effectiveness of Interventions for Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health. Link.
  • Health Gains and Financial Risk Protection Afforded by Treatment and Prevention of Diarrhea and Pneumonia in Ethiopia. Link.

DCP3 endeavors to inform program design and resource allocation at the global and country levels by providing a comprehensive review of the effectiveness, cost, and cost-effectiveness of priority health interventions. Link.



Ashok A, Nandi A, Laxminaravan R. Chapter 18: The Benefits of a Universal Home-Based Neonatal Care Package in Rural India: An Extended Cost-Effectiveness Analysis. Black R, Laxminarayan R, Temmerman M et al, eds. Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health. Disease Control Priorities, Third Edition. The World Bank 2016: 335–344. http://dcp-3.org/chapter/1991/benefits-universal-home-based-neonatal-care-package-rural-india-extended-cost